# Dr Michael Macrossan

Honorary Senior Fellow

School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering

+61 7 336 54513

### Publications

### Book Chapter

Macrossan, Michael N. (1983).

*A New (DSMC) Collision Model for Polyatomic Molecules*. Ph D Thesis: Diatomic Collision Models Used in the Monte-Carlo Direct Simulation Method Applied to Rarefied Hypersonic Flows. (pp. 122-138) London: The Author.### Journal Articles

Macrossan, M. N. (2020).

*N-space collision model for rotation-translation energy exchange in DSMC collisions*. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 92 (3) fld.4780, 212-218. doi: 10.1002/fld.4780
Macrossan, Michael N. (2016).

*Restricted Collision List method for faster Direct Simulation Monte-Carlo (DSMC) collisions*. Journal of Computational Physics, 319, 1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2016.05.015
Bond, D. M., Wheatley, V., Macrossan, M. N. and Goldsworthy, M. (2014).

*Solving the discrete S-model kinetic equations with arbitrary order polynomial approximations*. Journal of Computational Physics, 259, 175-198. doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2013.11.026
Macrossan, Michael N. (2010).

*Searching for a near neighbor particle in DSMC cells using pseudo-subcells*. Journal of Computational Physics, 229 (17), 5857-5861. doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2010.04.042
Abdel-jawad, M. M., Macrossan, M. N. and Diniz da Costa, JC (2009).

*Modelling gas purification systems employing molecular sieve silica membranes*. SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, 66 (3), 559-564. doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2009.01.014
Goldsworthy, Mark, Macrossan, Michael N. and Abdel-Jawad, Madhat (2009).

*Simulation of unsteady flows by the DSMC Macroscopic Chemistry Method*. Journal of Computational Physics, 228 (4), 976-982. doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2008.09.006
Abdel-Jawad, Madhat, Goldsworthy, Mark and Macrossan, Michael N. (2008).

*Stability analysis of Beagle2 in free-molecular and transition regimes*. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 45 (6), 1207-1212. doi: 10.2514/1.37034
Smith, M. R., Macrossan, Michael N. and Abdel-Jawad, Madhat (2008).

*Effects of direction decoupling in flux calculation in finite volume solvers*. Journal of Computational Physics, 227 (8), 4142-4161. doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2007.12.015
Goldsworthy, Mark J., Macrossan, Michael N. and Abdel-Jawad, Madhat (2007).

*Multiple reactions and trace species in the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Macroscopic Chemistry Method*. Physics of Fluids, 19 (11) 116102, 116102-1-116102-7. doi: 10.1063/1.2813046
Wang, M., Macrossan, M.N. and Li, Z. (2007).

*Relaxation time simulation method with internal-energy exchange for perfect gas at near continuum*. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 12 (7), 1277-1282. doi: 10.1016/j.cnsns.2006.01.012
Goldsworthy, Mark J., Macrossan, Michael N. and Abdel-Jawad, Madhat M. (2007).

*Non-Equilibrium Reaction Rates in the Macroscopic Chemistry Method for DSMC Calculations*. Physics of Fluids, 19 (6) 066101, 066101-1-066101-9. doi: 10.1063/1.2742747
Abdel-jawad, M. M., Gopalakrishnan, S., Duke, M.C., Macrossan, M. N., Schneider, P. S. and Diniz da Costa, J. C. (2007).

*Flowfields on feed and permeate sides of tubular molecular sieving silica (MSS) membranes*. Journal of Membrane Science, 299 (2), 229-235. doi: 10.1016/j.memsci.2007.04.046
Lilley, Charles R. and Macrossan, Michael N. (2004).

*A Macroscopic Chemistry Method for the Direct Simulation of Gas Flows*. Physics of Fluids, 16 (6), 2054-2066. doi: 10.1063/1.1712973
Wheatley, Vincent, Chiu, Sam Hsieh-Hsiang, Jacobs, Peter A., Macrossan, Michael N., Mee, David J. and Morgan, Richard G. (2004).

*Rarefied, Superorbital Flows in an Expansion Tube*. International Journal for Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 14 (4), 512-537. doi: 10.1108/09615530410532277
Macrossan, Michael N. and Lilley, Charles R. (2003).

*Viscosity of argon at temperatures >2000 K from measured shock thickness*. Physics of Fluids, 15 (11), 3452-3457. doi: 10.1063/1.1616556
Macrossan, Michael N. and Lilley, Charles R. (2003).

*Modified Generalised Hard Sphere Collision Model for Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Calculations*. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 17 (2), 289-291. doi: 10.2514/2.6766
Macrossan, Michael N. (2003).

*μ-DSMC: A general viscosity method for rarefied flow*. Journal of Computational Physics, 185 (2), 612-627. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9991(03)00009-3
Lilley, Charles R. and Macrossan, Michael N. (2003).

*Methods for Implementing the Stream Boundary Condition in DSMC Computations*. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 42 (12), 1363-1371. doi: 10.1002/fld.603
Macrossan, Michael N. (2001).

*ν-DSMC: A Fast Simulation Method for Rarefied Flow*. Journal of computational physics, 173 (2), 600-619. doi: 10.1006/jcph.2001.6898
Macrossan, M. N. and Hancock, M. (1996).

*A method of assessing the effects of artificial dissipation in Navier-Stokes codes*. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 22 (10), 979-985. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0363(19960530)22:10<979::AID-FLD391>3.0.CO;2-B
Macrossan, M. N. and Eckett, C. (1996).

*Chemical non-equilibrium inviscid flow over a blunt cone at incidence*. AIAA Journal, 34 (10), 2054-2061. doi: 10.2514/3.13352
E. R. Mallett, D. I. Pullin and M. N. Macrossan (1995).

*Numerical Study of Hypersonic Leeward Flow over a Blunt Nosed Delta Wing*. AIAA Journal, 33 (9), 1626-1633. doi: 10.2514/3.12702
Macrossan, Michael N. and Pullin, Dale I. (1994).

*A Computational Investigation of Inviscid Hypervelocity Flow of a Dissociating Gas Past a Cone at Incidence*. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 266 (-1), 69-92. doi: 10.1017/S0022112094000935
G. P. Cathcart and M. N. Macrossan (1993).

*Aerodynamic Drag Reduction for Satellites in Low Earth Orbit*. AIAA Journal, 31 (5), 826-831. doi: 10.2514/3.11692
Macrossan, M. N. and Oliver, R. I. (1993).

*A kinetic theory solution method for the Navier-Stokes equations*. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 17 (3), 177-193. doi: 10.1002/fld.1650170302
Mann, Anthony P., Pullin, Dale I., Macrossan, Michael N. and Page, Neil W. (1991).

*Numerical Modelling of Dynamic Powder Compaction Using the Kawakita Equation of State*. Journal of Applied Physics, 70 (6), 3281-3290. doi: 10.1063/1.349262
Macrossan, Michael N. (1990).

*Hypervelocity Flow of Dissociating Nitrogen Downstream of a Blunt Nose*. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 217 (-1), 167-202. doi: 10.1017/S0022112090000672
M. N. Macrossan (1989).

*The Equilibrium Flux Method for the calculation of flows with non-equilbrium chemical reactions*. Journal of Computational Physics, 80 (1), 204-231. doi: 10.1016/0021-9991(89)90095-8
Macrossan, M. N. (1987).

*A Thermodynamic Origin of a Universal Mass-Angular Momentum Relationship*. Astrophysics and Space Science, 133 (2), 403-410. doi: 10.1007/BF00642499
Macrossan, Michael N. (1986).

*A Note on Relativity Before Einstein*. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 37 (2), 232-234. doi: 10.1093/bjps/37.2.232
Davis, John, Dominy, Robert G., Harvey, John K. and Macrossan, Michael N. (1983).

*An evaluation of some collision models used for Monte Carlo calculations of diatomic rarefied hypersonic flows*. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 135 (OCT), 355-371. doi: 10.1017/S0022112083003122### Conference Papers

Bond, D. M., Macrossan, M. N. and Wheatley, V. (2012).

*Comparison of discrete BGK-Shakhov System with DSMC*.*28th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics (RGD)*, Zaragoza Spain, 09-13 July 2012. College Park, MD, United States: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.4769540
Bond, D. M., Wheatley, V., Macrossan, M. N. and Goldsworthy, M. (2012).

*Arbitrarily high-order BGK-Shakhov method for the simulation of micro-channel flows*.*18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference*, Launceston, Australia, 3 - 7 December 2012. Hawthorn, VIC, Australia: Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
Goldsworthy, M. J., Macrossan, M. N. and Abdel-Jawad, M. (2009).

*Transient macroscopic chemistry in the DSMC method*.*26th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Kyoto, Japan, 20-25 July 2008. New York , U.S.A.: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.3076489
Smith, M. R., Cave, H. M., Wu, J. S. and Macrossan, M. N. (2009).

*An approximate method for solving rarefied and transitional flows using TDEFM with isotropic mesh adaptation*.*26th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Kyoto, Japan, 20-25 July 2008. New York , U.S.A.: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.3076504
Macrossan, Michael N. (2009).

*Searching for DSMC collision partners using pseudo-subcells*.*DSMC: Theory, Methods and Applications*, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, 13-16 September, 2009.
Rowan Gollan, Carolyn Jacobs, Jacobs, Peter A., Morgan, Richard G., McIntyre, Timothy J., Macrossan, Michael N., Buttsworth, David R., Eichmann, Troy N. and Daniel Potter (2009).

*A simulation technique for radiating shock tube flows*.*26th International Symposium on Shock Waves (ISSW26)*, Gottingen, Germany, 15-20 July. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-85168-4_74
Smith, M. R. and Macrossan, M. N. (2007).

*Two Dimensional Isotropic Mesh Adaptation for viscous flow of a kinetic theory gas using TDEFM*.*16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)*, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 3-7 December, 2007. Brisbane, Australia: School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Jacobs, C. M. and Macrossan, M. N. (2007).

*Solving the Linear Advection Equation for the BGK Method*.*16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)*, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 2-7 December, 2007. Brisbane, Australia: School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Duke, Mikel C., Gopalakrishnan, Suraj, Abdel-Jawad, Madhat, Liu, Shaomin, Macrossan, Michael and Diniz da Costa, J. C. (2007).

*Hydrogen purification from coal gasification using inorganic membranes in Australia*.*American Chemical Society's 234th National Meeting*, Boston, United States, 19-23 August 2007. Washington, DC, United States: American Chemical Society.
Macrossan, M. N. (2007).

*Scaling Parameters for Hypersonic Flow: Correlation of Sphere Drag Data*.*25th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, St. Petersburg, Russia., 21-28 July, 2006. Russia: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Lilley, C. R. and Macrossan, M. N. (2007).

*A new decoupled rotational energy exchange scheme for DSMC calculations*.*25th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, St. Petersburg, Russia, 21-28 July, 2006. Russia: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Lilley, C. R. and Macrossan, M. N. (2007).

*Applying the Macroscopic Chemistry Method to Dissociating Oxygen*.*25th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, St. Petersburg, Russia, 21-28 July, 2006. Russia: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Macrossan, M. N. and Geng, X. (2007).

*Detecting Equilibrium Cells in DSMC to Improve the Computational Efficiency*.*25th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, St. Petersburg, Russia, 21-28 July, 2006. Russia: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Brandis, A. M., Buttsworth, D. R., Capra, B. R., Eichmann, T., Gollan, R. J., Jacobs, C. M., Jacobs, P. A., Macrossan, M. N., McGilvray, M., McIntyre, T. J., Morgan, R. G., Potter, D. F., Scott, M. P. and van Diem, D. (2006).

*Impulse facility simulation of hypervelocity radiating flows*.*2nd International Workshop on Radiation of High Temperature Gases in Atmospheric Entry*, Rome, Italy, 6-8 September 2006. The Netherlands: ESA Publications.
Macrossan, M. N., Smith, M. R., Metchnik, M. V. and Pinto, P. A. (2006).

*True Direction Equilibrium Flux Method Applications on Rectangular 2D Meshes*.*25th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, St. Petersburg, Russia, 21-28 July, 2006. Russia: Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Duke, M. C., Gopalakrishnan, S., Abdel-Jawad, M. M., Macrossan, M. N. and Diniz da Costa, J. C. (2006).

*Purifying Hydrogen with Inorganic Silica Membranes at High Temperatures*.*American Insititute of Chemical Engineers, 2006 Spring National Meeting*, Orlando, FL, USA, 23-27 April 2006. USA: AIChE.
Macrossan, M. N. (2005).

*A fast simulation method with arbitrary viscosity law*.*24th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Monopoli, Bari, Italy, 10-16 July 2004. New York, United States of America: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.1941616
Macrossan, Michael N. and Lilley, Charles Ranald (2005).

*Modified GHS collision model compared with VHS*.*Direct Simulation Monte Carlo: Theory, Methods and Applications*, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 25-28 September, 2005. Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories.
Lilley, Charles R. and Macrossan, Michael N. (2004).

*Modeling Vibrational-Dissociation Coupling with the Macroscopic Chemistry Method*.*24th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Porto Giardino Monopoli (Bari) Italy, 10-16 July, 2004. New York: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.1941668
Macrossan, Michael N., Metchnik, Marc V. and Pinto, Phillip A. (2004).

*Hypersonic Flow over a Wedge with a Particle Flux Method*.*24th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Porto Giardino Monopoli (Bari) Italy, 10-16 July, 2004. New York: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.1941610
Lilley, Charles R. and Macrossan, Michael N. (2003).

*DSMC Calculations of Shock Structure with Various Viscosity Laws*.*23rd International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics (AIP Conference Proceedings)*, Whistler, Canada, 2002.
Macrossan, M. N. (2001).

*A particle simulation method for the BGK equation*.*22nd International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Sydney, Australia, 9-14 July, 2000. USA: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.3562662
Macrossan, Michael N., Chiu, H.- H. and Mee, David J. (2001).

*A test facility for hypervelocity rarefied flows*.*22nd International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics (AIP Conference Proceedings)*, Sydney, Australia, 9-14 July, 2000. USA: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.1407637
Macrossan, Michael N. (2001).

*A Particle-Only Hybrid Method for Near-Continuum Flows*.*22nd International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics (AIP Conference Proceedings)*, Sydney, Australia, 9-14 July, 2000. USA: American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.1407587
Morgan R.G., Mee D.J. and Macrossan M.N. (1997).

*Mechanical and Space Engineering, a degree for undergraduates*.*35th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1997*, Reno, NV, United States, 6-9 January 1997. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA.
Cathcart, G. P. and Macrossan, M. N. (1995).

*Satellite protection and drag reduction using a purging gas flow*.*19th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Oxford, UK, 25-29 July, 1994.
Macrossan, Michael N. and Eckett, Chris (1995).

*Calculations of Inviscid High Speed Dissociating Gas Flow Over a Cone at Incidence*.*Twelfth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference*, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 10-15 December, 1995.
Mallett, Edward R., Pullin, Dale I. and Macrossan, Michael N. (1992).

*A Numerical Study of Hypersonic Leeward Flow Over a Delta Wing Using a Parallel Architecture Supercomputer*.*Eleventh Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference*, Hobart, Australia, 14-18 December, 1992.
Macrossan, Michael N. and Pullin, Dale I. (1990).

*Hypervelocity cone-flow with reaction chemistry by second order kinetic theory based Euler solver*.*Third Australian Supercomputer Conference*, The University of Melbourne, 3-6 December, 1990. Melbourne: Strategic Research Foundation, The University of Melborune.
Macrossan, Michael N., Pullin, Dale I. and Richter, Neville J. (1989).

*Calculations of three-dimensional hypervelocity cone-flow with chemical reactions*.*10th Australasian Fluids Mechanics Conference*, Melbourne, 11-15 Decemeber, 1989. Melbourne: The University of Melbourne.
Macrossan, Michael N. and Stalker, Ray J. (1987).

*Afterbody Flow Of a Dissociating Gas Downstream of a Blunt Nose*.*American Institue of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Aerospace Sciences Meeting*, Reno, Nevada, USA, January, 1987.
Dahlen, G. A., Macrossan, M. N., Brundin, C. L. and Harvey, J. K. (1984).

*Blunt cones in rarefied hypersonic flow: Experiments and Monte-Carlo simulations*.*14th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics*, Tskuba, Japan, August, 1984.### Preprint

### Thesis

Macrossan, M. N. (1983).

*Diatomic Collision Models Used in the Monte-Carlo Direct Simulation Method Applied to Rarefied Hypersonic Flows*. PhD Thesis, Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College, London.### Department Technical Reports

Macrossan, Michael N. and Kamphorst, M. (2009).

*Computational study of the Froude number effects on the flow around a rowing blade*. Report No. 2009/12. Mechanical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2009).

*Searching for DSMC collision partners using pseudo-subcells*. Report No. 2009/11. Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2009).

*The Macroscopic Chemistry Method in the Direct Simulation Monte-Carlo (DSMC) method for rarefed flows*. Rep. No. 2009/09. Mechanical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2009).

*Matlab codes for the DSMC calculation of Couette flow, using the variable-hard-sphere (VHS) collision model*. Report No. 2009/02. Mechanical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Mark Goldsworthy and Macrossan, Michael N. (2009).

*Vibrational degrees of freedom in the Total Collision Energy DSMC chemistry model*. Report No. 2009/01. Mechanical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Macrossan, M.N. (2008).

*Does the pinching force dissipate the rower's energy?*. 2008/10. Mechanical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. and Macrossan, Neal W. (2008).

*Energy efficiency of the rowing oar from catch to square-off*. 2008/05. School of Engineering, Division of Mechanical Engineering, University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2008).

*The direction of the water force on a rowing blade and its effect on efficiency*. Report No. 2008/03. School of Engineering, Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Maekawa, Ryohei and Macrossan, Michael N. (2008).

*True direction simplified kinetic theory flux method for implosion shock flow on two dimensional regular meshes*. 2008/01. Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Goldsworthy, M. J., Macrossan, M. N. and Abdel-Jawad, M. M. (2007).

*Simulation of unsteady flows by the DSMC Macroscopic Chemistry Method*. 2007/15. Centre for Hypersonics, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. and Macrossan, Neal W. (2006).

*Back-Splash in Rowing-Shell Propulsion*. Report No. 2006/07. Division of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Smith, Matthew R., Macrossan, Michael N., Metchnik, Marc V. and Pinto, Phillip A. (2006).

*True Direction Equilibrium Flux Method Applications on Rectangular 2D Meshes*. Report No. 2006/06. Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2006).

*Introduction to Direct Simulation Methods for Rarefied Flow*. Report No. 2006/05. Division of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2006).

*Scaling Parameters In Rarefied Flow: Breakdown Of The Navier-Stokes Equations*. Report No. 2006/03. Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. and Lilley, Charles R. (2005).

*Modified GHS Model Compared With the VHS Collision Model in DSMC Computations*. No. 2005/18. Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2004).

*Scaling Parameters In Rarefied Flow And the Breakdown Of The Navier-Stokes Equations*. Report No. 2004/09. Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Lilley, Charles R. and Macrossan, Michael N. (2002).

*An investigation of the Sutherland molecular model for DSMC simulations*. 9/2002. Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (2000).

*FCT Filter: Using The Diffusion And Anti-Diffusion Equations As A Filter*. Report No. 2000/12. Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, Michael N. (1995).

*Some Developments of the Equilibrium Particle Simulation Method for the Direct Simulation of Compressible Flows*. ICASE Interim Report 27 & NASA Contractor Report 198175. Institute for Computer Applications for Science and Engineering (ICASE), NASA Langley Research Center.
Macrossan, M. N. and Hancock, M. (1994).

*A demonstration of artificial dissipation effects in some finite volume solution methods for the Navier-Stokes equations*. Research Reports, 5/94. Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queesland.
Smart, Michael K. and Macrossan, Michael N. (1987).

*Extension Of A Non-Equlibrium Nozzle Flow Program to Include Vibrational Relaxation*. Report No. 87/03. Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, M. N. (1981).

*Improvements of the Algorithms Used for Monte-Carlo Direct Simulation Computations*. I. C. Aero Report 81-03. Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College, London.
Dominy, Robert G., Macrossan, Michael N. and Harvey, John K. (1981).

*Rarefied Hypersonic Flow About A Flat-Ended Circular Cylinder*. I. C. Aero Report No 81-02. Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College of Science and Technology, the University of London.### Research Reports

Macrossan, M. N. (2003).

*Approximate theory of the drag of a blunt body in rarefied flow*. St. Lucia: Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Macrossan, M. N. (2002).

*First Australian Centre for Hypersonics workshop*. Brisbane: Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Queensland.
Lilley, C. R. and Macrossan, M. N. (2001).

*New implementations of the stream boundary conditions for DSMC simulations of rarefied flow*. St. Lucia: Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Queensland.